Stomach Ulcers Types, Causes, Symptoms & Complications

stomach ulcers


In ulcers there is development of a sore on the lining of the oesophagus, stomach and/or small intestine. When stomach acid damages the lining of the digestive tract then Ulcers may occurs in the digestive tract. The most common causes of ulcers include the H. Pylori bacteria and anti-inflammatory drugs (pain relievers) such as aspirin. This commonly causes upper abdominal pain.



  • Gastric Ulcers:-The Ulcers that develop inside the gastric or  stomach are known as Gastric Ulcers.
  • Esophageal Ulcers:-The Ulcers that develop inside the esophagus is known as Esophageal Ulcers
  • Duodenal Ulcers:-They develop in the upper section of the Small Intestines, is known as the Duodenal Ulcers.



  • Burning sensation in stomach
  • Pain in stomach
  • Feeling of fullness
  • Bloating
  • Belching
  • Intolerance to fatty foods
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Blood in vomiting (which may appear red or black)
  • Dark blood in stools
  • Stools that are black or tarry in color
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Feeling of faint
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Appetite changes
  • Abdominal pain that may be worse between meals and at night

peptic acid


  1. Helicobacter Pylori Bacteria (H–Pylori bacteria)
  2. Regular use of Pain relievers
  3. Regular use of (NSAIDs) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  4. Regular use of Ibuprofen
  5. Use of Naproxen sodium (Aleve, Anaprox DS)
  6. Regular use of ketoprofen
  7. Regular use of anticoagulants like aspirin
  8. Regular use of (SSRIs) Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
  9. Regular use of alendronate (Fosamax) and risedronate (Actonel)
  10. Intake of H. pylori through food and water
  11. Intake of Acetaminophen (Tylenol)


  • Smoking:- Smoking can increase the risk of peptic ulcers mostly in people the patients of H. pylori infections
  • Drinking Alcohol:- Alcohol can erode and irritate the mucous membrane lining of your stomach, and it increases the production of acidic amount in the stomach.
  • Stress and Depression:- Depression and Stress also causes the ulcers.
  • Spicy Foods:- They can make ulcers worse and more difficult to heal.



Left untreated, peptic ulcers can cause following problems:-

  • Internal Bleeding:- Patient may suffer from anemia due to internal bleeding as slow blood loss. Severe blood loss can cause bloody or black vomit or bloody or black stools.
  • A Hole Perforation (Hole) In Stomach Wall:-A hole through (perforate) the wall of the stomach or Small intestine, can cause the risk of serious infection in the abdominal cavity (peritonitis).
  • Obstruction:- The Peptic ulcers can block the passage of food via digestive tract, this can cause vomiting. It can also cause swelling and inflammation of the stomach.
  • Gastric Cancer:-The Studies have shown that patient who are infected with H. pylori infection have an increased risk of gastric cancer.
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