Asthama Causes Types Diagnosis & Cure
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the respiratory tract which characteristic by reoccurring and variable symptoms reversible airflow obstruction. On the other hand this is a chronic respiratory disorder which inflame and narrows the airways of the lungs. Asthma starts at childhood but it cans effects people of all ages. Asthma can cause difficulty in breathing, wheezing, coughing. The pathophysiology of asthma is that, it involves the inflammation of airway, intermittent obstruction of the airflow, and hyper responsiveness.
CAUSES OF ASTHMA
- Air pollution like smoke
- Air-borne allergens such as dust miles, pollens, animal dander, mold spores, and cockroaches
- Respiratory disorder like recurrent attacks of common cold
- Physical activities such as weight lifting, and exercise
- Cold air
- Stress or depression
- Strong emotions
- Preservatives and sulfites added food and beverages including processed potatoes, dry fruits, wine, and beer
- Sinus infection
- Runny nose
- Psychological stress
- Sleep apnea
TYPES OF ASTHMA
According to Modern Science the Asthma is Two Types, these are following types:-
- EXTRINSIC (ALLERGIC) – This type of asthma commonly develop in childhood. This is a hereditary/ Genetics disorder, so typically a family history is allergies in this type of asthma. There is presence of another allergic condition like nasal secretion, and eczema. Extrinsic asthma sometimes goes in childhood and again reappears later.
- INTRINSIC (NON-ALLERGIC) – Intrinsic Asthma develops after the age of 30 years. This type of asthma is not typically associated with allergies. Mostly the females are suffered from this type of asthma and in many cases it is converted into respiratory tract infections.
According to Ayurveda the Asthma is Five Types, these are followings in details:-
- MAHA-SWAS – This is a condition in which patient is completely suffered from breathlessness, wheezing sound, confusion, dyspnea, blue skin, and lethargy.
- URDHAVA-SWAS – This type of asthma can compare to stertorous breathing, in this condition patient has to inspire or expire forcefully.
- CHINNA-SWAS – This type of asthma can compare to chyne-stroke respiration. In this condition patient is suffered from periodic breathing where Hyperpnoea (periods of high breathing), Hypopnea (periods of slow breathing), or Apnea (no breathing).
- TAMAK-SWAS – This condition is compared with Bronchial Asthma. The attacks are very frequently and very severe. The patient suffering from tightness of chest, shortness of breath, and coughing. The patient sits in lean position and upright position, use both neck and chest muscles to help in breathing.
- SHUDRA-SWAS – This condition is described as dyspnea on exertion. The patient suffered from breathlessness due to exertion, cold, dry food and physical exertion.
SIGN AND SYMPTOMS OF ASTHMA
- Coughing – Patient is suffered from cough in asthma, which is worsening at night and early in the morning. It makes difficulty in sleeping.
- Tightness of Chest – In this condition you can suffer from feel like someone squeezing your chest.
- Whizzing – The whistling sound creates during breathing is known as whizzing.
- Shortness of Breath – In this condition the patient who has asthma may feel like he cannot get air out from his lungs.
- Sleeping Trouble – Patient may suffers from trouble in sleeping due to coughing, chest tightness, and coughing.
DIAGNOSIS OF ASTHMA
- Medical History of patient including symptoms and types.
- Lung Function Test
- Physical Examination of the patient
- Spirometer – you blow into a machine those measures how fast you can breathe out and how much air you can hold in your lungs.
- FeNO test – patient has to breathe into a machine. That machine measures the level of nitric oxide into the breath, this helps to detect the sign of inflammation in the lungs.
ACCORDING TO AYURVEDA
According to Ayurveda Asthma can be co-relate with Swas Rog. The swas rog is characterized by inflammation of the bronchial airways results is increase mucus production. The complications of the Asthma are that the patient may complaint of indigestion, constipation, tightness of chest, sneezing, wheezing and blocked nose.
Causes of asthma according to Ayurveda, allergy is not the primary cause of asthma, bad weather; wrong food habits are the primary cause of asthma. Allergy factors are only secondary cause which is responsible to increase the disease. The Vata and Kapha are two main doshas are involved in the asthma. The vitiated ‘Pranvayu’ and deranged ‘Kapha Dosha’ in the respiratory tract cause obstruction in the ‘Pranvahsrotasa’. This obstruction results in difficulty in breathing and this is known as Swas Rog.