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Agaru (AQUILLARIA AGALLOCHA) Types & Benefits

Agaru benefits

Agaru (AQUILLARIA AGALLOCHA) Types & Benefits

DEFINATION

Agaru is a big tree growing up to 70 to 80 feet. It has thick stem which is 3 – 4 feet in diameter. Agaru is evergreen plant. This plant is native to South East Asia. The bark of Agaru is papery thin, sometimes it is used for writing like Betula utilis tree bark (Bhojpatra in Sanskrit). Leaves of agaru are shiny, thin like leather and up to 3 inches long. The flowers are white in colour. The fruits of agaru are 1 – 2 inches long, thin and smooth.

The bark of agaru plant sometimes gets infected with Phaeoacremonium parasitica (fungus) in 8 to 9 % of trees, which turns dark brown to light brown than turns black in in colour. This leads to unique special fragrance to this plant due to the presence of oleoresin.

This infected part of the agaru tree yields Agarwood oil, which is sold in various Arbian Countries like China and Japan. The oil of Agaru tree has high economic value. It is very expensive and its cost is usually same as 24 carat Gold. The reason is cumbersome distillation process yielding only 30 ml oil from 100 kg of infected wood of agaru plant. The agaru oil is known as Oud and it is 100% natural and essential oil.

The fragrance of this tree is mainly due to various mix of epoxides and sesquiterpenes, which can also be used as pheromones to attract opposite gender.

GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT AGARU

In the genus Aquilaria there are about 17 species and 8 are known to produce the Agar oil.aquilaria is synonym for A.secundria and A.malaccensis.

The Agarwood is famous for its role in making of incense sticks for various functions and many ceremonies. The wood of Agaru is also used to make beautiful scalputers and carving.

SPECIALITY OF AGARU PLANT

AGARWOOD OIL

Oil of Agarwood is obtained from the resin of the tree. The resin of the plant is known as Gaharu. This oil is formed naturally by the reaction of the tree to the attack of fungus. When fungus attacked the tree, then tree spread a fragrant gum to protect the injured area, which gets hardened in the form of Resin. This resin of the tree is processed to obtain the oil.

HABITATE OF THE AGARU PLANT

Agaru tree is native to Southeast Asia and grows in Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, Myanmar, Philippines, Indonesia, Eastern India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and China.

NAME OF AGURU IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGE

  • Latin Name: Aquilaria agallocha
  • Sanskrit Name: Vamshika, Shreshta Vriksha, Jongakam, Pravara, Vishvaroopakam, Anaryaka, Krimijagdha, Krumija, Krimijagdh (because it’s infected), krimij, Loh, Aguru.
  • English Name: Eagle wood, Aloeswood, Oodh, Agarwood, Oud
  • Hindi Name: Agar
  • Gujarati Name: Agar
  • Urdu Name: Agar
  • Punjabi Name: Pharsi, Ooda
  • Telugu Name: Agaru, Agaru Chettu
  • Arabic Name: Oodh, Oud, Agarwood
  • Tamil Name: Aggalichandanam, Agalichandanam
  • Bengali Name: Agaru, Agarkashtha, Agar Chandan
  • Malayalam Name: Akil
  • Kannada Name: Krishna Agaru
  • Europe Name: Eaglewood, Agilawood
  • Chinese Name: Chenxiang
  • Japan Name: Jinko
  • Cambodia Name: Chann Crassna
  • Malya Name: Gaharu
  • Indonesia Name: Gaharu
  • Laso Name: Mai Kritsana
  • Myanmar Name: Thit mhwae

EFFECTS ON DOSHAS:

CHARAK SAMHITA SUSHRUT SAMHITA
·       Tikta Skandh – Herbs which are bitter.

·       Shirovirechan – Herbs which are good for cleansing the Sinuses and Head.

·       Shwashar – Herbs which are good for breathlessness and asthma.

·       Sheet Prashaman – Herbs which relieving cold.

·       Eladi Gana

·       Shleshm Snshaman

·       Saalsaradi Gana

 

TYPES OF AGARU

types of Agaru

The Agaru is of Four types:

  1. Krishna Agaru – Krishna type of Agaru is used in skin diseases and diseases related to eyes and ears.
  2. Kaashtha (Yellowish) Agaru – This type of Agaru is yellowish in colour and it treats various types of neurological disorders and also treats many symptoms like vomiting and bad breath.
  3. Mangalya Agaru – Mangalya type of Agaru is very useful for various therapeutic purposes. This type of Agaru is mostly obtained from the Himalayan areas around Uttarakhand (Kedarnath).
  4. Daaha Agaru – This type of Agaru is also known as Tail Agaru. This type is mostly cultivated in Gujarat State of India. Its fragrance stays for long period and also very pleasing.

CLASSIFICATION OF AGARU:

classification of Agaru

  • Latin name – Aquilaria agallocha
  • Order – Malvales
  • Family – Thymelaeaceae
  • Genus – Aquilaria

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES OF GINGER:

Hindi / Sanskrit English
Rasa Tikta, Katu Taste Bitter, Pungent
Guna Tikshna, Laghu Physical Properties Piercing, Light
Virya Ushna Potency Hot
Vipaka Katu Metabolic Properties (After Digestion) Pungent

 

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF AGARU (AQUILLARIA AGALLOCHA)

Agaru contains Aquillochin, Agarospirol, Lignan, Holocellulose, Pentosana, Essential Oil viz. a-and-b- Agarofurans, Agarol (A Sesquiterpene Alcohol, the main Odoriferous component); nor- keto- agarofurans, Jinkoheremol, Jinkohol, Kusunol, Dihydrokaranone, Agarotetrol etc.

MEDICINAL USES OF AGARU

Different Parts of Agaru plant have different medicinal properties which are explained below in details:-

  • The leaves of agaru are laxative in nature.
  • The herbal tea of the agaru leaves is used in chronic constipation.
  • The herbal tea of the bark of agaru is bitter and is very good to treat skin disorders.
  • The paste made from bark of the agaru is used to treat many skin disorders like psoriasis, edema, eczema, and acne.
  • It is useful in infection wounds.
  • Useful in worm infection.
  • Application of agaru on skin is the best in removing coldness.
  • It helps to balance Vata dosha in the body.
  • Agaru is known for its healing effect.
  • It is also known as Sheet-Prashamnan this means it destroys the cold.
  • It is useful in the many types of skin disorders.
  • It is useful in asthma like respiratory disorder.
  • The powder of bark is used for indigestion, gout, general body weakness.
  • The paste of bark of agaru can be applied locally on painful joints due to rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis
  • It shows anti-inflammatory properties.
  • It is also used to fight body odor.
  • It is very helpful in cold and cough.
  • The smoke of agarwood oilnis useful in asthma.
  • It also helpful to remove sputum from chest.
  • Agaru is very helpful in cleaning wounds.
  • It also helps to balance Kapha dosha from the body.
  • Useful in loss of appetite.
  • Used in intestinal worms.
  • Used in intestinal gas.
  • Used in Rheumatism.
  • Useful in Bradycardia (abnormally slow heartbeat)
  • Useful in cardiac weakness
  • Used to treat Persistent hiccups.
  • Used to treat fever with chills.
  • Used in the treatment of leucorrhoea.
  • Helpful in loss of libido in men.
  • Used to treat gout.
  • Useful in high blood pressure.
  • Helpful in enuresis.
  • Used in the treatment of spasms.
  • Used to treat depression.
  • Used to treat diarrhea.
  • Helps to remove body odor.
  • Used to treat dysentery.

AYURVEDIC PRODUCTS FROM AGARU

  • Anu Tailam
  • Arimedadi Tailam
  • Himsagar Tailam

PART USED

  • Agar Resinous Wood
  • Agar oil

DOSAGE

  • Agarwood Oil – 1 to 4 Drops
  • Agarwood Bark Powder – 3 to 6 grams
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