ADRAK, GINGER (ZINGIBER OFFICINALE)
Ginger is a world’s best natural remedy with so many types of health benefits. Ginger is also wildly cultivated spice. Ginger is herbaceous perennial flowering plant. Ginger is also known as a spice. In Ayurvedic system ginger is used for its various medicinal properties. It belongs to the family of turmeric and cardamom. Ginger plant is easily adapted to warm climates. The flower buds of ginger are white and pink in a cluster and flower buds of ginger bloom in yellow flowers. The annual leafy stem of ginger grows 3-4 feet in height. The rhizome of ginger varies in color depending upon the different types of ginger. It may be red, white and yellow in color with brownish skin may be thick or thin. Both dry and fresh rhizome of ginger is used.
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT GINGER
Ginger is used as a spice to add flavor in food in cooking. In Asia, the fresh stem of ginger plant is used as main ingredients in many dishes. In Britain ginger is popular as gingerbread while in European cooking, ginger is very popular as powdered spice. Oil resin and ginger oil are other common uses of ginger to flavor ginger ale and ginger beer. Ginger is also used in ingredients in medicines, cosmetics and perfumes. In Japan, the ginger is picked to make gari and beni shoga. Ginger is also used as grated or raw ginger in noodles or tofu. In India, ginger is used as one of the main ingredients in non-vegetarian dishes such as meat and egg based dishes as well as in many vegetarian dishes for thicker the gravies. Ginger juice is used in ahiphene shodhana (purification of opium).
Ginger can be used in fresh, powdered, juice, dried and oil forms. Ginger is very commonly used spice. Gingerols is its natural oil that is aroma to this spice and provides a unique flavor. In medicine system ginger is famous because of its medicinal properties. Ginger has very powerful anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
In China, ginger is used as a treatment of indigestion.
NAME OF GINGER IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGE
- Latin Name: Zingiber officinale
- English Name: Ginger
- Hindi Name: Adarakh
- Gujarati Name: Adu
- Sanskrit Name: Ardra shaka, Ardraka, Moolaja
- Marathi Name: Aale
- Punjabi Name: Ahdrak
- Farsi Name: Tara, Anjeebeele
- Telugu Name: Allamu, Alla
- Arabian Name: Janjabeele ratab
- Tamil Name: Inji, Shukka
- Bengali Name: Ada
- Persian Name: Zanjabil
- Malayalam Name: Inchi
- Kannada Name: Hasi shunti
- Sinhala Name: Inguru, Amu
- Malaysian Name: Halia
- Burma Name: Gyin
SANSKRIT NAME OF GINGER
- Fresh (Wet) Ginger –
- Anupaja (grow in moist places)
- Gulma moola (Knotty rhizomes)
- Ardra Shaka
- Dry Ginger –
- Ushana – Hot in nature
- Katugranthi – Having nodes and internodes
- Katuviddi – Having katu rasa
- Ardhraka – Causing salivation
- Shunthi – Useful in vataja vikaras and kapha vikaras
- Nagara – Found in Nagar Pradesh and it is best among katurasa
- Katubhadra – It has pungent taste
EFFECTS ON DOSHAS:
|CHARAK SAMHITA||SUSHRUT SAMHITA|
|· Truptighna – Herbs which relieve pseudo-satiation.
· Arshoghna – Herbs which are good for piles.
· Deepana – Herbs which are good for digestive health.
· Shoolprashmana – Herbs useful in relieving abdominal pain.
· Trishna nigrahana – Group of herbs useful in thirst.
|Pipalyadi gana, Trikatu.|
CLASSIFICATION OF GINGER:
- Kingdom – Plantae
- Order – Zingiberales
- Family – Zingiberaceae
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES OF GINGER:
|Hindi / Sanskrit||English|
|Guna||Guru, Teekshna, Rooksha||Physical Properties||Dry, Heavy, Sharp|
|Vipaka||Madhura||Metabolic Properties (After Digestion)||Sweet|
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF ADRAK (GINGER)
Ginger contains Gingerols, A-Curumene, D-Camphene, Citral, Geraniol, Zingiberenes, Zingerone, Zingiberol, B-D-Curcumene, d-Borneal, B-Bourbornene, Citronellol, Paradol, Gingerone, Gingerdiol, Gingerone b and C, etc.
DIFFRERENCE BETWEEN FRESH (WET) GINGER AND DRY GINGER:
|FRESH (WET) GINGER||DRY GINGER|
|· Wet Ginger is ushna (hot) and rooksha (dry) in nature.
· Wet ginger is mostly used to cure constipation and also causes diarrhea.
· Wet ginger is used for shorter period because its nature is dry.
· Its effects are more seen in stomach and intestine.
|· Dry Ginger is ushna (hot) and snigdha (oily & unctuous) in nature.
· Dry ginger is used in IBS and it has properties of bowel binding.
· Dry ginger is unctuous (snigdha) in nature so it can be used for longer period due to its longer period effects.
· Effects of dry ginger are seen in both stomach and intestines.
MEDICINAL USES OF GINGER
Different Parts of Ginger plant have different medicinal properties which are explained below in details:-
- Ginger is used in heart disease.
- Ginger relieves anorexia and improves taste as it is a best appetizer.
- Ginger is aphrodisiac in nature and it improves vigor.
- It helps to reduce edema and swelling as it is anti-inflammatory in nature.
- Ginger is useful in diseases like asthma and respiratory tract infections.
- Ginger is beneficial in early stages liver disorders.
- Ginger is useful in anemia.
- It is also used in elephantiasis.
- Ginger relieves constipation as it breakdowns hardener stool into small pieces.
- Ginger is very effective in weight loss.
- It is useful in menstrual pain.
- It is very effective in rheumatoid arthritis and arthritis.
- It is also used in motion sickness.
- When paste of dry ginger powder applied over forehead, it relieves headache.
- Ginger is very beneficial to stop nausea and vomiting.
- Chew a clove of ginger, it treats morning sickness.
- It also helps to treat headache.
- Ginger helps to increase the immune system of the body.
- It treats cold and cough in winters.
- Ginger has properties of anti-inflammation which helps to reduce inflammation of the respiratory tract.
- Ginger tea gives relief from the heavy menstrual cramps.
- Ginger provides warmness in the abdomen and maintains the normal flow of the blood during menstrual cycle.
- Ginger also provides relaxation to the muscles and reduces the pain.
- Ginger has fat burning properties so it promotes weight loss of the body.
- It helps to activate the metabolism of the body.
- Ginger eliminates the waste products from the body and also detoxifies the body, as it has antioxidant properties.
- Ginger help to improve the circulation of the blood.
- Ginger tea helps to lower the blood pressure.
- Ginger has blood thinning properties, which helps to prevent heart attacks.
- Ginger shows soothing and calming effects on the body and the mind.
- Ginger tea relieves tension and stress by keeping the brain calm.
- One cup of ginger tea helps to improve your mood and gives a feeling of freshness to your mind.
- It helps to reduce the level of cortisone which helps to relax your mind.
- Ginger contains strong antioxidant properties.
- It helps to prevent the body from infections.
- Ginger also prevents the production of pre-cancerous cells from growing.
- Ginger tea also kills free radicals formation from the body.
- It also decreases the risk of cancer.
AYURVEDIC PRODUCTS FROM GINGER
- Trikatu Churna
- Medhya Churna
- Rhizomes (Both Fresh and Dry)
- Fresh Juice – 5 – 10 ml.
- Powder – 1 – 2 gm.
- Syrup – 2 – 5 ml in divided dosage.
CAUTION – SIDE EFFECTS OF GINGER
- The patients who are suffering from gastritis problem.
- Having sensitive stomach.
- Ginger is safe to use in low amount during pregnancy and lactation.