Normal heart rate is 60 to 100 bpm in a healthy person. In case, is patient’s heart beats too rapidly, too slowly or irregularly, then this condition is known as irregular heart rate, which is also known as irregular heart rhythm. Another name for the term is arrhythmia. Human heart has chambers, valves and nodes in it, which help to regulate the pumping of the blood in our bodies. Hence, whenever there is any disturbance in the functioning of the pumping system of the heart, it leads to disturbance of the rhythms of the heart.
TYPES OF ARRHYTHMIA OR ABNORMAL HEART RHYTHM
- TACHYCARDIA – When heartbeat of the patient is too fast, then this condition is known as Tachycardia. The heart beat in a healthy person is 60 to 100 per minute. But in Tachycardia heartbeat is faster than 100 beats per minutes.
- BRADYCARDIA – When heart beat of the patient is slower than 60 beats per minute, this condition is known as
- ATRIAL FIBRILLATION (AF) – This is the most commonly found type of abnormal heart rhythm. In this condition heart rate increases up to 100 to 200 beats per minute.
- VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION (VF) – Ventricular Fibrillation is a type of irregular rhythm of heart in which the heartbeat stops and further leads to cardiac arrest or a heart attack. In this condition, the patient is required to get a doctor’s consultation immediately, because it is a life threatening disorder.
SYMPTOMS OF ARRHYTHMIA
- Pain in chest
- Shortness of breath
- Irregular rhythm of heart
- Heart palpitations
- Irregular pulse
- Yellowish discoloration of the skin
CAUSES OF ARRHYTHMIA
- CHD (Coronary Heart Disease)
- Excessive use of brain stimulants like amphetamine and use of Beta blockers to reduce the blood pressure. These medications can cause irregularities in the rhythm of the heart
- Abnormalities of heart
- Imbalance of sodium and potassium like electrolytes in blood
- High blood pressure
DIAGNOSIS OF ARRHYTHMIA
- ECG – Electrocardiogram, this test is performed to detect and record the electrical activity of the heart.
- Troponin-T (cTnT) and Troponin I (cTnI) – These two tests are used as cardiac markers. These are used to identify any cardiac injury or cardiac damages.
- Holter Monitor – This test is used to record the electrical signals of the heart for a full period of 24 or 48 hours.
- Chest X-Ray – CXR is performed to see the picture of the structure of the heart and ascertain the actual condition of the heart.
- Event Monitor – This test is performed to record the electric activity of the heart at certain times
- Echocardiography – This is used to identify the poor blood flow in the heart and also provides the information of the function, size, and shape of the heart.
- Electrophysiology Study – This test is used to assess the severe arrhythmia.
- Coronary Angiography – This test is performed to have a look at the coronary arteries inside the heart.
- Tilt Table Test – This test is used to find the cause of fainting.
- Unconnected Loop Record – This test is used to detect the abnormal heart rhythms.
PREVENTION OF THE ABNORMAL HEART RHYTHM
- Avoid products like nicotine, alcohol, or coffee
- Avoid excess stress, anxiety, or tension
- Do regular exercise. It may help you to strengthen your muscles of heary and prevent from arrhythmia.
- Always eat fresh and healthy food
ACCORDING TO AYURVEDA
According to Ayurveda, Arrhythmia (Abnormal Heart Rhythm) is categorized under the Hridroga (Heart Disorder). In human body there are three main energies which are helpful to maintain a good health. These energies are Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Imbalance of these three energies in body causes health complications. So imbalance of these three energies vata, pitta and kapha can be the cause of Arrhythmia (Abnormal Heart Rhythm).
- The imbalance of Vata dosha in the body can cause irregular heartbeat.
- Aggravated Pitta dosha in body is responsible for increased heartbeat.
- Imbalance in Kapha dosha is responsible for slow heartbeat.
The Ayurvedic practitioner have used numerous ayurvedic herbs to maintain the rhythm of the heart. These herbs are Arjuna, Punarnava, Ashwagandha, Brahmi, Pipal Twak, Shankhapushpi, Choti Elaichi, Dalchini etc. These herbs contain the cardio-protective properties and help to strengthen the muscles of heart in a natural way. So these herbs are very effective and treat the heart disease from its roots.